Raspberry Pi is an indispensable single board computer that will be useful for large assignments. You don’t believe me? Just browse through this list of Raspberry Pi projects to see what this little device can do.
Given the usefulness of Raspberry Pi, it is important to choose the right operating system. Of course you can do a lot of things with Linux, but an operating system configured specifically for a certain purpose can save you a lot of time and effort.
That’s why I will mention in this article some popular and useful operating systems developed especially for Raspberry Pi.
Installing any operating system on Raspberry Pi is easy with theRaspberry Pi Imager.
Installing the Raspberry PI operating system on an SD card is easier than ever. You can easily get the Raspberry Pi imager and quickly install any Raspberry Pi operating system. Watch the official video to see how easy it is.
You can also use NOOBS (New Out of the Box Software) to easily install different operating systems on Raspberry Pi. You can also get a pre-installed SD card from the list of supported stores on their official NOOBS download page.
To learn more about the installation of operating systems, consult their official documentation.
Now that you know how to install it (and where to get it), I would like to highlight a list of useful features of Raspberry Pi OS that will help you.
Miscellaneous operating systems for violet Pi
Don’t forget that I have tried to list only the Raspberry Pi projects that are actively supported. If the project is abandoned in the near future, please let me know in the Comments section, and I will update this article.
Another thing is that I focused on the latest version of Raspberry 4, but this should not be seen as a list of Raspberry Pi 4 OS. You can also use it for Pi 3, 3 B+ and other raspberry guns, but check the official websites for more details.
Pay attention: The list has no specific order of priority.
1. Rasp-OS: Official Pi OSRaspberry
Raspbian is an officially supported operating system for Raspberry Pi boards. It comes with various training, programming and general usage tools. These include Python, Scratch, Sonic Pi, Java and other important packages.
Originally based on Debian, Raspbian comes with pre-installed packages that contain many useful packages. If you install it, you probably won’t have to install the essentials separately – you’ll need to pre-install almost everything.
Raspbian OS is actively supported and is one of the most popular Pi OS from Raspberry. You can install it with NOOBS or according to the official documentation.
2. Ubuntu-MATE: For general purposes
Although Raspbian is an officially supported operating system, it lacks the latest and best packages. So if you want faster updates and possibly the latest packages, you can try Ubuntu MATE for Raspberry Pi.
Ubuntu MATE, developed as Raspberry Pi OS, is an incredibly easy to install distribution. It is also widely used by NVIDIA Jetson Nano. In other words, with Raspberry Pi you can use it for different purposes.
To help you, we also have a detailed guide to installing Ubuntu MATE on Raspberry Pi.
3. Ubuntu server: Use as Linux server
If you plan to use Raspberry Pi as a kind of server for your project, Ubuntu Server can be an excellent choice for installation.
You can find 32-bit and 64-bit images from an operating system. And depending on the card you have (if it supports 64-bit), you can continue with the installation.
Please note, however, that the Ubuntu server is not intended for use on desktop computers. Don’t forget that you don’t have a GUI installed by default.
4. FreeELEC: For media servers
Although we already have a list of media server software for Linux, LibreELEC is one of them.
It is an excellent, lightweight control system that can work with KODI on crimson pistols. You can try installing it with Raspberry Pi Imager.
You can easily go to their official download page and find a suitable installation image for your pinboard.
5. OSMC: For media servers
OSMC is another popular media server software for Linux. If you are considering using Raspberry Pi cards as a media center, this is one of the best Raspberry Pi operating systems you can recommend to anyone.
Like LibreELEC, OSMC launches KODI to help you manage your media files and use the content you already have.
The CMSO does not mention any official support for Raspberry Pi 4. So if you have a Pi 3 raspberry or less, you should be ready to work.
6. BONE RISK: Original ARM OS
RISC OS was originally developed for ARM devices, but has been around for almost 30 years.
We also have a separate detailed article about RISC OS if you want to know more. In short, RISC OS is also designed for modern ARM-based single-card computers such as Raspberry Pi. It provides a simple, performance-oriented user interface.
Again, that’s not the plan for the raspberrypi 4. So you can only try it if you have a pi 3 raspberry or less.
7. Mozilla WebThings Gateway: For IoT projects
As part of Mozilla’s open source implementation for IoT devices, WebThings Gateway allows you to monitor and manage all connected IoT devices.
You can read the official documentation to check the requirements and installation instructions for your Raspberry Pi gun. It is certainly one of the most useful raspberry Pi OS for IoT applications.
8. Ubuntu Core: For IoT projects
Ubuntu Core is another Pi OS Raspberry designed for possible IoT applications or just for quick testing.
The Ubuntu core here is specially designed for IoT or Raspberry Pi devices. I won’t comment on it – but Ubuntu Core is a safe operating system suitable for the Raspberry Pi-Board. You can try it yourself!
9. DitPi: Light raspberry Pi OS
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DietPi is a lightweight Debian operating system that also claims to be lighter than Raspbian Lite.
Designed as a lightweight Raspberry Pi OS, it offers many features that can be useful for different purposes. From simple software installation programs to a backup solution, there’s something to discover.
If you want an operating system with a small footprint, but with potentially better performance, you can try it.
10. Painting Linux: Manufacture of a retro-game console
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Looking for a way to turn your Raspberry Pi into a retro game console?
The Linux Lakka distribution was originally built on the RetroArch emulator. So you can play all your retro games on your Raspberry Pi in no time.
We also have a separate article about Lakka Linux – if you are interested. If not, go look!
11. RetroPi: For retro games
RetroPie is another popular Raspberry Pi OS that makes it a retro game console. It has several customization tools, so you can customize the theme or just customize the emulator to have the best retro games.
It should be noted that it does not include copyrighted games. You can try it and see how it works!
12. Potash-Linux: For budgetary piracy
Want to try learning some ethical hacking techniques on the raspberry pips? Kali Linux can be perfect for this. And, yes, it usually supports the latest version of Raspberry Pi once it is launched.
Not limited to Raspberry Pi, you can get a long list of other supported devices. Try it and have fun!
13. OpenMediaVault: For network storage (NAS)
If you are trying to configure the NAS (Network Attached Storage) to the minimum hardware level, Raspberry Pi can help you.
Originally based on Debian Linux, OpenMediaVault offers a range of features, including web-based management capabilities, plugin support, and more. It supports most models of Raspberry Pi – so you can try downloading and installing it!
14. WHEELS: For the extraction of cryptographic material
If you are interested in crypto-correction and Bitcoins, you might be interested.
ROKOS is a Debian-based operating system that essentially allows you to turn your Pi Framboise into a node with pre-installed drivers and packages for the same thing. Of course, you need to know how it works before you install it. So I suggest you do some research if you’re not sure what you’re doing.
15. Alpine Linux: Lightweight, security-oriented Linux
Currently, many users are generally looking for distributions that emphasize security and privacy. And if you are one of them, you can try Alpine Linux for Raspberry Pi.
It may not be as comfortable as you (or a beginner) think it is when you are new to Raspberry Pi. But if you want to start with something else, you can try Alpine Linux, a security-oriented Linux distribution.
16. Kano-OS: Control systems for children’s education
If you are looking for a free operating system for Raspberry Pi to make things interesting for children’s learning and education, then Kano OS is a good choice.
It is actively supported and the user interface for integrating the Kano desktop is simple and fun enough for someone to play with and for children to learn.
17. Large Plasma Display KEY: Conversion of conventional televisions to smart televisions
This is a project developed by KDE. If KDE Plasma Big Screen OS is installed on Raspberry Pi, you can use your regular TV as a smart TV.
You don’t need a special remote control to operate the TV. You can use a normal remote control.
Plasma Bigscreen also integrates the open source MyCroft AI voice control system.
The project is in the beta phase, so expect some bugs and problems if you want to try it.
18. Manjaro-Linux: For the multifunctional office
If you are looking for a Linux distribution on Raspberry Pi, Manjaro Linux should be an excellent addition to general computing tasks with the ability to do a lot of things.
Manjaro Linux ARM also supports the latest version of Raspberry Pi 4. It offers XFCE and KDE plasma options for your Raspberry Pi or any other alternative to the Raspberry Pi.
It also seems to offer one of the fastest and most interesting experiences with Raspberry Pi devices. Try it if you haven’t tried it yet!
19. Band: Open Source Music Players
Do you want to produce a cheap audiophile system? Volumio should be able to help.
It’s a free and open source operating system (GitHub) that also allows you to integrate multiple devices. You can manage all connected devices through a simple web-based management interface. In addition to the free edition, it also offers a Premium edition, which gives you access to exclusive features.
It also supports the last pi 4 of the raspberry. If you want the best possible quality for your stereo system, you should try it.
You want to use a Linux distribution? Do not worry, Raspberry Pi on FreeBSD may also have a Unix-like operating system.
In case you do not know, we have an article about the FreeBSD project.
Once you’ve installed it according to the official instructions, you can use it for any do-it-yourself experience or you can just use it as a simple desktop installation for specific tasks.
NetBSD is another impressive UNIX-like operating system that can be installed on Raspberry Pi. The goal is to be a portable operating system for multiple systems.
If you’ve used it for another system, you may already know its benefits. However, it is not only limited by a lightweight and portable operating system, but also has a number of useful functions to perform various tasks.
I’m sure there are many other operating systems designed specifically for Raspberry Pi – but I’ve tried to list the most popular or useful ones that are actively supported.
If you think I missed one of the most suitable operating systems for Raspberry Pi, tell me in the comments below!
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